Практический опыт внедрения WAMS за рубежом
Приведены ссылки на наиболее значимые зарубежные ресурсы, описывающие практическое применение данных СВИ для задач мониторинга и управления, а также реализованные проекты с применением данных СВИ
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 provided $4.5 billion to the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) to modernize the U.S. power grid, create jobs, and stimulate the economy. The majority of the funding went to competitively selected industry projects under the Smart Grid Investment Grants (SGIG) and Smart Grid Demonstration Program (SGDP)—in which participants matched or exceeded ARRA funds with private funding. DOE and industry partners invested a total of more than $357 million to deploy synchrophasor technology that will provide grid operators with unprecedented wide-area visibility to better sense the behavior of the transmission system and improve reliability.
Advancement of Synchrophasor Technology in projects funded by
the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
The mission of Coreso is to proactively support Transmission System Operators to ensure Security of Electricity Supply in Europe. Located in Brussels, about fifty engineers, seconded from their companies, combine their expertise 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to anticipate the operation both in the short term and the long term, from a year ahead until Intraday (few hours before real time)
Founded in 2008, Coreso encompasses nine European operators, which are also its shareholders (Elia in Belgium, Eirgrid in Ireland, 50hertz in Germany, National Grid in the UK, REE in Spain, REN in Portugal, RTE in France, SONI in Northern Ireland, Terna in Italy).
PJM is working with its members and leading industry organizations to support research and deployment of synchrophasor technology, which is allowing system operators to monitor and study the electric grid in new and deeper ways.
PJM collects data from nearly 400 phasor measurement units from a growing list of equipment owners, including Transmission Owners and Generation Owners. PJM is steadily integrating applications based on synchrophasor technology into its regular operations. It is also partnering with equipment owners to facilitate the technology and install new Phasor Measurement Units (PMU) in the most effective manner.
Wide Area Monitoring
For the first time the power system frequencies of several locations in Europe are being time-synchronised and made publicly accessible with a high degree of precision in one common system. The measuring devices equipped with GPS receivers in each of the substations calculate the frequency and deliver it in real time together with other time-stamped data accurate to the microsecond. These are then collected at Swissgrid, superimposed on one another and published.
This is the result of many years of close collaboration between Swissgrid and the grid operators from Austria (APG), Denmark (Energinet.dk), Portugal (REN), Slovenia (ELES), Croatia (HEP), Italy (TERNA) and Greece (IPTO).
Synchrophasor technology, also known as Phasor Measurement Units, has been identified as having great potential to improve reliability of power grids and improve their efficiency. It can help deliver better real-time tools that enhance Power Grid Operators’ situational awareness and provide synchronized high-resolution measurements of system dynamic behavior leading to improved system models and better control and protection systems.
In order to realize this great potential, each interconnection must deploy a highly reliable, secure and robust synchrophasor data measurement and collection system, and develop a suite of highly available and trustworthy analytical applications. Additionally ...
GO 15 Synchrophasor Applications
The mission of the North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) is to improve power system reliability and visibility through wide area measurement and control, by fostering the use and capabilities of synchrophasor technology.
Synchrophasors are precise grid measurements available from monitors called phasor measurement units (PMUs). PMU measurements are taken at high speed (typically 30 observations per second, over 100 times faster than conventional SCADA technology). Each measurement is time-stamped according to a common time reference such as GPS. Time-stamping allows measurements from different locations and utilities to be time-aligned (synchronized) and ...
NASPI (Nothern American Synchrophasor Initiative)
Проекты на основе данных СВИ. Практический опыт.
The VISOR project aims to showcase the role of an enhanced Wide Area Monitoring System (WAMS) in overcoming the challenges facing the GB power system as it moves toward a low carbon future. It has created the first integrated GB WAMS and has also marked the first deployment anywhere in the world of new Waveform Measurement Units (WMUs), which generate 200 frames per second data for the detection of sub-synchronous oscillations (SSO) in the 4-46Hz range.The VISOR WAMS is the first to collate, store, visualise and analyse synchronised measurements in real-time across all three of the GB Transmission Owners (TOs). The WAMS incorporates wide area synchronised phasor measurements produced at a rate of 50 frames per second that …
Visualisation of Real Time System Dynamic using Enchanced Monitoring (VISOR)
The EU-funded TWENTIES project - ‘Transmission system operation with a large penetration of wind and other renewable electricity sources in electricity networks using innovative tools and integrated energy solutions’ - coordinated by Spanish Transmission System Operator Red Eléctrica de España, was launched in April 2010.
The aim of the TWENTIES project is to advance the development and deployment of new technologies which facilitate the widespread integration of more onshore and offshore wind power into the European electricity system by 2020 and beyond. TWENTIES is organised around six large-scale demonstration projects grouped into three Task Forces, which aim to prove the benefits of new technologies.
Electric Power Group, LLC (EPG) has been pioneering the development and deployment of synchrophasor technologies since 2000. Our principals have extensive experience in running and managing utility grids, investigating root causes of major blackouts (WECC 1996, EI 2003), and leveraging this deep domain knowledge to develop industry leading synchrophasor technology applications for wide area real time monitoring, visualization and situational awareness.
The EPG team has extensive hands-on experience with synchrophasor standards, networks, system architecture, deployments and performance analysis through work at EPG for leading ISO's and utilities including PJM, NYISO, ERCOT, CAISO, MISO, BPA, TVA, SCE, AEP, LADWP, SRP, Duke, Dominion, NYPA and other companies.
Customer Successes, Projects & Initiatives (EPG, USA)
Deployment of synchrophasor technology is accelerating under U.S. Department of Energy initiatives.
The project have developed common software suites that improve situation awareness, system-wide modeling, perfomance analysis and wide-area monitoring and controls.
California ISO Five Year Synchrophasor Plan (2011 - 2015)
Перспективные планы развития электроэнергетики (дорожные карты)
This KZT 600 million project is a part the Digital Kazakhstan government development programme and shall be completed in 2018-2020. It expected to bring around KZT 130 million per annum starting 2021, when both monitoring (WAMS) and control (WACS) systems will in commercial operation.
The project shall be implemented in two stages and shall maximize the use of bandwidth through the management of electrical networks in real time. It shall facilitate assessing the state, analysing stability margins and effectively using the capacities of the power grid. WAMS (Wide Area Measurement System) shall automatically monitor the grid operating conditions using special PMU sensors (vector measurement device), which will be placed at KEGOC's substations of North-South Kazakhstan electricity transmission line, including 500 kV Shymkent and Zhambyl substations.
ENTSO-E’s system operation activities are overseen by the ENTSO-E System Operation Committee presided by Joachim Vanzetta from Amprion, Germany, as Chairman and by Duncan Burt from National Grid, UK, as Vice-Chairman. The Committee reports to the ENTSO-E Board and Asembly.
System operations is the core activity of any transmission system operator (TSO). It covers the actions taken to ensure the optimal and secure operation of the grid in real-time.
The ENTSO-E System Operations activities are about:
Developing European operational standards notably through network codes;
Protecting critical infrastructure systems;
Developing and maintaining a common system operation channel: the Electronic Highway;
Developing a common model of the grid that can be used for system operation;
Defining a methodology for dealing with operational reserves – power reserves that can be activated to maintain the grid balanced;
Classification and follow up of operational incidents;
Promotion and enhancement of coordinated system operation and services notably through the regional service providers.